It is based on analysis of data collected through a national survey and a separate submissions process conducted over the second half of The survey focussed on sexual assault and sexual harassment which occurred in a university setting, including incidents which occurred on the university campus, while travelling to or from university, at an off-campus event organised by or endorsed by the university, at university employment, or, for technology-based harassment, where some or all of the perpetrators were students, teachers or other people associated with the university. These assessments are not an ABS endorsement or indication of data quality, but are intended to assist readers in determining whether the data will meet their data needs. Relationship to 'Defining the Data Challenge for Family, Domestic, and Sexual Violence' The summary table below is designed to indicate whether the data source informs the six statistical elements outlined in Defining the Data Challenge for Family, Domestic and Sexual Violence, cat. The data items have been conceptually grouped into the key information units - Person, Event, and Transaction - as described in the Foundation for a National Data Collection and Reporting Framework for Family, Domestic, and, Sexual Violence, cat.
Sexual assault: Are we failing victims of sexual violence?
It is very difficult to measure the true extent of violence against women as most incidences of domestic violence and sexual assault go unreported. In , the Australian Bureau of Statistics ABS Personal Safety Survey estimated that only 36 per cent of female victims of physical assault and 19 per cent of female victims of sexual assault in Australia reported the incident to police. In a briefing by the Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault, What lies behind the hidden figure of sexual assault , Neame and Heenan discuss issues of prevalence and barriers to disclosure. In recent years there have been many other studies and surveys on violence against women both in Australia and internationally. This electronic brief aims to draw together major resources, research and studies on violence against women and sexual assault in Australia and a selection of the major international surveys. It complements a previous brief, Domestic Violence in Australia , issued by the Parliamentary Library in August and updated in September , which includes links to interest groups and an overview of Commonwealth government violence against women initiatives and perpetrator programs.
Measuring domestic violence and sexual assault against women
The MeToo movement has supported victim-survivors to speak out about a wide range of acts that constitute sexual violence. Reports have included those of rape, sexual assault , childhood sexual abuse , sexual coercion , sexual harassment , and behaviours that might not fit neatly into any of these categories. Otherwise it makes it difficult for people to know how to label and describe their experiences. Read more: How MeToo can guide sex education in schools. Sexual violence is an umbrella term that includes a wide range of sexual acts.
Sexual abstinence or sexual restraint is the practice of refraining from some or all aspects of sexual activity for medical, psychological, legal, social, financial, philosophical, moral, or religious reasons. Asexuality is distinct from sexual abstinence; and celibacy is sexual abstinence generally motivated by factors such as an individual's personal or religious beliefs. Abstinence may be voluntary when an individual chooses not to engage in sexual activity due to moral, religious, philosophical, or other reasons , an involuntary result of social circumstances when one cannot find any willing sexual partners , or legally mandated e. The ancient world discouraged promiscuity for both health and social reasons. Throughout history, and especially prior to the 20th century, there have been those who have held that sexual abstinence confers numerous health benefits.