Violence against Women. It knows no boundaries of geography, culture or wealth. As long as it continues, we cannot claim to be making real progress towards equality, development, and peace. The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in , testifies to the international recognition and understanding that violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women. The Platform for Action, adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing in , identified violence against women as one of the 12 critical areas of concern requiring special attention of governments, the international community and civil society. During its forty-second session in , the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women proposed further action and initiatives to be taken by member states and the international community to end violence against women, including the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in all relevant policies and programmes. Among the agreed conclusions of the session were measures to support the work of non-governmental organizations, to combat all forms of trafficking in women and girls, to promote and protect the rights of migrant workers, especially women and children, and to encourage coordinated research on violence against women.