Proctalgia fugax and levator ani syndrome are conditions which cause anal pain. Proctalgia fugax is a fleeting pain in the anus, lasting less than 20 minutes, with no symptoms whatsoever inbetween episodes. Levator ani syndrome is a pain which lasts for longer, but for which no other cause is found. Your anus is the very end of your gut, and where it opens out on your bottom.
Anal fissures are small tears or cracks on the part of the anus that opens when you pass stools— where the inside of the anus meets the outside. They are associated with pain and bleeding during bowel movements. Most will heal on their own and do not require treatment. In adults they can be caused by passing a large, hard stool, or by having frequent diarrhea.
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Anal pain can occur before, during, or after a bowel movement. It can range from a mild ache that can get worse over time to pain that is bad enough to restrict daily activities. Anal pain has many causes, most of which are common and treatable. However, if anal pain does not go away within 24 to 48 hours, it is important to see your physician.