The chances of transmitting HIV through oral sex are very low. It is also possible to take further preventive measures, such as using a condom. HIV is a virus that spreads through bodily fluids. A person can contract HIV through direct contact with infected fluids or sharing syringes with someone who has the virus. In this article, we discuss whether it is possible to transmit HIV through oral sex and provide some tips for prevention. However, it can potentially happen if someone with HIV ejaculates into the mouth of their sexual partner.
Can HIV be transmitted through oral sex (fellatio and cunnilingus)?
Oral Sex | HIV Risk and Prevention | HIV/AIDS | CDC
HIV infects humans and causes damage by taking over cells in the immune system—the part of the body that usually works to fight off germs, bacteria and disease. When that happens, the body may not be able to fight off certain types of illnesses or cancers. If the infection is not detected and treated, the immune system gradually weakens and AIDS develops. HIV and AIDS are terms that are often used together, and sometimes are used interchangeably, though they are not the same thing. If you are worried about a recent potential exposure, go to the emergency room and ask for PEP post-exposure prophylaxis as soon as you can. Effectiveness is increased the earlier PEP is begun after the exposure. You can have HIV and not have any symptoms, and some HIV tests will not show a positive result for as long as three months after infection.
Many people find oral sex an intensely pleasurable experience. People use different terms to refer to oral sex including formal terms like fellatio and cunnilingus and slang terms like blow jobs and giving head. Usually oral sex means one person kissing, licking or sucking another person's genitals. Doctors and researchers can't be sure how many people have acquired HIV through oral sex.
Back to Sexual health. HIV is transmitted through seminal and vaginal fluids, including menstrual fluids. The virus can enter the body through the bloodstream or by passing through delicate mucous membranes, such as inside the vagina, rectum or urethra. If a person gives fellatio and has bleeding gums, a cut, or an ulcer inside their mouth, HIV could enter their bloodstream through infected fluid.